Will of John Chapman
Spotsylvania County, VA
Spotsylvania, Virginia Will Records Book E 1772-1796
[Submitted by Karen Walker CFA#331 who extracted the data from Elsie Chapman Edmonds, "JOHN CHAPMAN of Spotsylvania County, Virginia; THOMAS POWE of Cheraw, South Carolina and Related Families" (Published by Elsie Edmonds, 1971) Elsie gave permission to use her material in a letter dated May 6, 1983.]
In the name of God Amen I John Chapman of the Co. of Spotsylvania and Berkley Parish being sick and weak of body but perfect sense and memory and calling to mind the uncertainty of this life do make this my last will and testament hereby revoking all other wills heretofore by me made in manner and form following: First, I resign my soul into the hands of the Almighty God and my body decently buried at the discretion of my executor hereafter mentioned d o give and dispose of my worldly estate as the Lord has been pleased to bless me with as follows:
Item: I give unto my son Edward Chapman forty-five pounds current money to him and his heirs forever.
Item: I give unto my son James Chapman thirty-four pounds current money to him and his heirs forever.
Item: I give unto my son Benjamin Chapman forty-seven pounds current money to him and his heirs forever.
Item: I give and bequeath unto my son Thomas Chapman fifty-five pounds current money and my riding horse to him and his heirs forever.
Item: I give and bequeath unto Allen Chapman fifty-five pounds current money to him and his heirs forever.
Item: I give and bequeath unto my son Robert Chapman fifty-five pounds current money to him and his heirs forever.
Item: I give and bequeath unto my son Erasmus Chapman fifty-five pounds current money to him and his heirs forever.
Item: I give and bequeath unto my son Thrashley Chapman fifty-five pounds current money to him and his heirs forever.
Item: I give and bequeath unto my daughter Sarah Chapman one negro girl June and ten pounds current money to her and her heirs forever.
Item: It is my will and desire that if either of my last mentioned five children (to wi t) Allen, Robert, Erasmus, Thrashley and Sarah should die without issue or before they arrive to twenty-one years that then his or their leguesys to be equally divided amongst the survivors or their heirs forever-
Item: I lend unto my beloved wife two Negroes, Daniel and Pegg during her natural life and after her decease to be equally divided amongst her five children (to wit) Allen, Robert, Erasmus, Thrashley and Sarah but in case either of them should die without issue or arrive at the age of twenty-one that then his or their part to be equally divided amongst the survivors-
Item: I lend unto my beloved wife during her natural life my dwelling house with two hundred and fifty acres of land adjoining thereunto but in case she should agree for it to be sold with my other lands then it is my desire she should have two hundred and fifty pounds current money to purchase another place either of which after her decease to be equally divided amongst all my children (to wit) William, Edward, Mary, James, Benjamin, Thomas, Allen, Robert, Erasmus, Thrashley and Sarah but in case either of them should die without issue or before they arrive to twenty-one years that then it is my desire that his or their parts should be equally divided amongst the survivors and their heirs forever.-
Item: My will and desire is that all the rest of my estate both real and personal shall be sold by my executors hereafter mentioned and the money arising thereon to be equally divided among all my children (to wit) William, Edward, Mary, James, Benjamin, Thomas, Allen, Robert, Erasmus, Thrashley and Sarah, and their heirs forever, but in case either of them should die without issue that then it is my will and desire his or their parts should be equally divided amongst all the survivors and their heirs forever-
Item: Lastly I constitute, nominate and appoint my two sons William and Benjamin Chapman my whole and sole executors of this my last will and testament.
Signed with my hand and sealed with my seal this twenty-ninth day of December one thousand seven hundred and seventy five-
John Chapman SEAL
Sealed and deliver'd in presence of Francis Turnley
Vincent Vass. Thomas Chapman
A codicile to the above will. It is my desire that my loving wife shall set as an executrix if it should be her desire.
At a court held for Spotsylvania County on Thursday 21st March 1776.
This will was proved by the oath of Vincent Vass and Thomas Chapman two of the witnesses hereto and ordered to be recorded and on the motion of William and Benjamin Chapman the executors therein named who made oath thereto and together with James Duncanson, Gent. and Henr y Gatewood their security's entered into and acknowledged their bond in the penalty of three thousand pounds as the law directs certificate is granted them for obtaining probate thereof in due form.
Know all men by these presents that we William and Benjamin Chapman and James Duncanson and Henry Gatewood are held and firmly bound to Fielding Lewis, Charles Dick, Robert Chew , Edward Herndon and Mann Page, Jr. Gentlemen justices of the court of Spotsylvania County n ow sitting in the sum of three thousand pounds to the payment whereof will and truly to be ma de To the Ed. Justice their. . . . We bind ourselves and each of us and each of our heirs extrs. and Admrs. jointly and severally firmly by these presents. Sealed with our seals this 21 st of March in the year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and seventy six and in the sixteenth year of the Reign of Our Sovereign Lord George III.
The condition of this obligation is such if the above bound William Chapman, Benjamin Chapman Executors of the last will and testament of John Chapman deceased do make or cause to be made a true and perfect inventory of all and singular the goods and chattels and credits of the said deceased which have or shall come to the hands, possession or knowledge of the said William Chapman and Benjamin Chapman or into the hands and possession of any other person or persons for them and the same so made do exhibit in the county court of Spotsylvania at such time as they shall be there unto required by the said court and the same goods, and chattels and credits and other the goods and credits of the said deceased which at any time after sh all come to the hands, possession or knowledge of the said William and Benjamin Chapman or in to the hands and possession of any other person or persons for them as will and truly administer according to law and further do make a just and true of their actings and doings therein when there to required by the said court and also shall well and truly pay and deliver al l the. . . .
An Inventory of the Sale of the Estate of John Chapman Dec'd Spotsylvania County. November 6 , 1776
To a Negro named Dick
To 345 acres land ?? at 13 lbs per acre
To 150 do do at 8 lbs do do
To a bay Horse 16 lbs Silver Watch 4 lbs
To a gun 5 lbs Tea ware and Coffee Pott 10-
To a saddle 17 lbs one. . . Tobacco Shipped Home Return. . . .
To a Parcel old Iron 8-Lanthorn and candle. . .
To 4 juggs. . . Punch Bowl 5. . .Old Books 10. . .
To 4 Butter-4 Tin Pans 7-
To Knives and forks 10- Shott 4-Cotton Card
To Cotton Card - To ditto
To 8 head cattle 20 lb 5-Spun Cotton 10-
To - Cotton Bed and furniture 5 lbs
To 600 Double - 200 Brads
To a Table Cloth - Quart Pott-Trunk
To 225 lbs Pork-
To 3096 lb Tobacco. . . .26. 8.9
To Cash found at my fathers death One Hundred lbs Tobacco sold for 56 lbs. 5 By the - it comes to 509 lbs 17. 4.
To 303 Acres Land at 15 lbs - Acre 227 lb 5.
To a Table 13. Glass and -
To a chest 8 glass Hoghd -
To Tubs - nails 2 locks
To cider - Grindstone - Hide
To a - & Raisors Cotton Cards
To wood cards a Towell - Powder
To 2 Sows and Shoats 3 lbs 2.6. a Jorde II lbs
To a gun 3 lbs Ten Hoes 1 lb 3, Reap Hooks
To 4 Axes To 2 tumblers & pepper Box
To 2 head cattle 5 lb 3. Knives and forks
To 700 lbs pork
To 2 Sythes Drawing Knife & Pitch fork
To a spade saw Tonge & Hammer
To 3 Grub Hoes a saw - file
To a pot - pan and Wheel
To a - Iron & Heters 3 Butter -
To a Dish & - Plates 2 -
To Sundries Corn, Fodder, Wheat Total -- 326 lbs 1.4.1.
To a Negro named Harry 70 lbs ditto Erlherst?
To a Mare 4 lb. .1 pair Stillards. . . .Chairs?
To 700 lbs Pork To a Spade. .Skillet. .looking Glass 1 lb. 4.6
To a Dish and Plater. . .Spoons Tin Pan & funnel
To a Canister & Gimblets. . . .a Hide
To 5 head Cattle 13 lb 11. .3 Spice . . . . ?
To a Bagg. .Bed & Furniture Total 134 lbs. 6.6.
To Cash paid William Reed 16 lbs 3. 10
To 200 acres land 100 lbs
To 5 Hilling Hose. .Carpenter Tools 1 lb 12.6
To 2 Juggs. .Bible 3 Basons 2 lbs 11.2.
To a pair Scales 2 Pocket Bottles ?Hide 14.3
To Negroes Hannal Bob and Lucy. . .116 lbs
To A Warming Pan. . Cork Screw & Punch
To a Trunk. . .Bed & furniture
To a Cart & Glass? . . Nails
To a Search ? . . Towell Cotton & Wool Cards
To Spoons Total 252 lbs. . .0
To a Gray Mare. .24 lbs Bed & furniture 9 lb .5 33. . .
To a 11 yards cotton. . .Powder Total. . .36 lbs. . . 3
Inventory below sold to neighbors and relatives of John Chapman
Dr. John Stewart
To Negro Andrews 99 lbs
To a Dish & six plates. .11
Dr. John Ballard
To Negroes Phelis George & lottice ? 106 lbs
To a Negro Jack. . . . 78 lbs
William - Negro Dinah . . .73 lbs
Erasmus Withers Allen Stillards
? . . . . 12 s.
To 2 Pots Bed & furniture 6 lbs
To a winding Sheet Frances Tunley - Old Plows Old Saddle 1 lb 6.
To Smoothing Irons. . .Leather - Table 1 lb 4.1
Charles Smith Carpenter Tools
Doctor Yates Candle Stick Shuffers & Curry Comb
William Trigg Spoon Moulds . . 10 . .
Dr. John - 8 Bottles 3 Wheel .5 Sword Pewter 1 lb 7.6.
John McCarnican 6 Knives. .6.
James Mitcham 1 slide Leather. .1 lb.6
Fielding Woodroof 1 Side Leather. 17
Barnard Payne 1 Side Leather. .13.6
Richard Lowery 1 Side Leather. .17.6
John Carter 1 Side Leather. .15
Peter Stubblefield To Leather 8
James Lewis 5 Head Cattle 13 lbs 17.6
Abraham Estes 5 Head do and pair Shoes 8 lb 16.3
Martin Davenport 1 Heifer 1 lb 13 9
Aquila Johnston 5 Yearlings 3 lbs 1 3
John Brock 8 Yearlings (cents sign) lbs 13 9
Harry Barlett 3 Sows 10 Shoats & 3 pigs 2 lbs 15
John Holliday 17 Geese 1 lb 17 6
Rice Curtis Tubs & Pails Chamber pott & Sifter 17 4
Alexander Head a half Bushel-Shears-& Leather 3 lbs 2 6
Amt Brot Forward 417 lbs 5 7
Dr. Rubin Strughan 13 Sheep Table To Sheep Shares Old Gear Bag 6 lbs 13 15
William Pollock I - Iron Wedges 10 6 Total 424 lbs 10 4 etc. . . . 1082 9 9
11 Children 98 lbs 8 2 Each
Much of the above inventory of the estate of John Chapman was not legible and not being familiar with lbs shillings and etc I am unable to give a correct inventory. Elsie Edmonds .
I do hereby certify that the foregoing will of John Chapman is a true and correct copy o f his will found in Spotsyvlania County, Virginia Records, Will Book E, 1772-1798
Charlie Prestwood Garcutte