If you are reading this then you must have some interest in Chapmans and
even Chapman census data. We are doing all we can to satisfy your interest,
but we cannot do it alone. We need your help, CFA member or otherwise.
While the quarterly is published and the web site is sponsored by CFA, they
are not used exclusively by CFA members and CFA members can't keep up with
all the work. We need your help in extracting census data, especially Virginia
census data and in providing information on Chapmans listed in the census
index. Read on to learn why we emphasize Virginia data and how you can
As we proceed on our Chapman quest it will become more and more evident
that our research focus is based on the states in which we are having our
annual conventions. Our next convention is in Utah. Few of us look to Utah
for Chapman ancestors, nonetheless some effort has been made to provide
data on Utah Chapmans. In CFA Quarterly #25, Spring 2001, the 1850 census
was published and the 1880 census was in Quarterly #26. On this site we
have the 1850, 1880 and 1920 Utah census. With your help there will be more
Utah. Of course there is other census data here and we will continue to
add more on a regular basis.
Virginia, the site of our 2003 meeting, is the state in which more members
have reached an impasse in their research than any other state. There is
no data set that is more useful in overall genealogical research than the
census reports. They lay the foundation for much other work. We need your
help in accumulating the Virginia census before we meet in Richmond.
For what it is worth all of the first three U.S. censuses have been published:
1790 Issue 17, 1800 (such as it was for VA -
most was lost) in Issue 19 and 1810 in Issue
22. The 1820 Virginia census is printed in this issue. All of them are
on the web site. Note that it is what we call raw data and that means it
was extracted by one person and has not been verified by a second person
revisiting the microfilm.
We need your help with some of the other. We are listing here the Chapman
census indexes for the years 1830-1870. They are listed by microfilm roll
number to make it easy for you to help us. Unless there is an indication
that someone is extracting the data or that we already have the data then
you can take your pick for the job you do. Before you begin send a notice
identifying the microfilm/s that you will extract for us. Send email to CFA@chapmanfamilies.org or
mail to CFA Data Central, POB 1586, Florissant, MO 63031-1586. Unless someone
has just taken on the job it will be all yours.
Almost anyone can access census microfilm. You don't have to be in Salt
Lake City or Washington, DC. Your local genealogical, city, county or state
library may have them. If you live in the vicinity of one of the regional
centers for the National Archives they have all the census microfilm. If
you live near a LDS Family History Center (FHC) they will have the microfilm
or they will arrange to get it for you for about $3 per roll. If you'd like
to lookup your nearest FHC online, visit www.familysearch.org.
If you don't know where your local FHC is located send a message or letter
to the address above and CFA will respond with the location. The census
data is available on the Internet. One example is at ancestry.com but you
must be a member and have paid the extra subscription fee to access the
online images of most of the census. If all else fails, and you have access
to a reader, CFA will rent the microfilm and send it to you. You will have
three weeks to extract the data and mail the microfilm back to our source.
Anyone who needs extraction worksheets will be supplied them by CFA.
One more thing. In an effort to make CFA - and the others of you
who are interested - as smart as possible about Virginia Chapmans, we are
not going to post just the census data on the web site- we are also going
to include whatever information we can gather from you and our data base.
For each subject in the census index there is a place to indicate if we
have information on the subject. If we do there will be a link to a reference
file providing that information. We need whatever you can tell us about
any and all of the folks so that they may be properly reported in the reference
If you want your name, address, phone, email, etc. identified as having
an interest in the person you must request that we include what you want
listed. Otherwise we will not post that information.
This census data is
currently broken into two separate sections:
1) Completed census data that contains names and information (or
tabulation) for each family and it's members.
2) Working Indexes that contain an index of the head of household's
name. These indexes also note if the data is currently being extracted
and may provide links from the head of household's name to more detailed
Following is a table of census years and states. Each state's link will
take you to a page which will contain either completed census data or a working
index, if that state has not yet been completed.
Multiple Years Indexes:
Census Chronology from the Washington Post-
The nation's first census 650 federal marshals go house-to-house
unannounced, writing down the name of the head of the household and counting
the other residents. The census costs $45,000, takes 18 months and counts
3.9 million people.
First inquiries on U.S. manufacturing capabilities are made. At the
time, the need to export agricultural products and import manufactured goods
had entangled the U.S. in some skirmishes of the Napoleonic Wars.
Congress requests new information on social matters such as "idiocy"
and mental illness. Many questions on commerce and industry are added, lengthening
the form to 80 questions.
Significant census reforms are made. Federal government marshals
scientific and financial resources to to discuss what should be asked, how
the information should be collected and how it should be reported. First
time detailed information about all members of a household is collected.
Data from the 1860 Census is used during the Civil War to measure
relative military strengths and manufacturing abilities of the Union and
Major innovations are made to the "science of statistics"
as the Census Bureau introduces mechanical tabulators. Never again is the
census hand tabulated.
Entry into World War I (1917) has agencies and policymakers turning
to the Census Bureau for industrial statistics to plan the war effort.
The onset of the Great Depression prompts the Census Bureau to make
inquiries about unemployment, migration and income.
With the aid of modern sampling techniques, the Census Bureau creates
the first "long form" that is sent to only a subset of the population.
First electronic digital computer tabulates figures 1,000 to 1 million
times faster than previous equipment.
People of Hispanic or Spanish descent asked to identify themselves
After the 1980 count, the Census Bureau faces 54 lawsuits, many by
civil rights groups, charging it with improper and unconstitutional methods
First time professional advertising campaign ($167 million) is used
to promote the count.